居住区植物照明的设计方法

植物的照明方式由其在景观中扮演的角色所决定。树可以是主要焦点、次要焦点、过度元素或者是背景元素。处于焦点位置的树来说,照明方式要由环绕式布置,创造出层次。小树的树冠在1.5~4.5m宽左右,最少需要有3支灯具。带有4.5~15m宽树冠的数目需要5~10支灯具或是更多,这些都需考虑到成熟时树冠的形状和尺寸。当一棵树是过度元素和背景元素时,灯具的数量要相对的布置的少一些,风格要是含蓄的。低矮浓密的灌木经常是作为次要焦点存在或是大型植物中的过度植物,在安装照明装置的时候要离开植物60-90cm,均匀柔和的光线适合。


在居住区的夜间景观中,植物扮演着很重要的角色。植物的美不是单一的一成不变,而是随着四季时间的变化表现出不不同的形态,传递和寄托着人类特殊的感情。所以在照明的设计上要充分的尊重植物本身的存在,传达共生和人文的关怀。


设计时要充分的研究种植平面上的所有植物。梳理出植物与照明设备之间的矛盾,充分的考虑到植物的生长空间,避免灯具和被照植物之间的植物因自然生长而遮挡住视线;理解植物与景观之间的关系,根据植物种植区域进行划分,白天重点的景观节点未必是夜景重要的表现区域,对于景观中的重要表现要重新经行规划,区分出那些植物是需要被照亮等。


照明方法的使用,要根据树种或树形状来确定。对阔叶型树木,可将灯具艺术化藏在树丛中,自下而上照明树叶,使树及树叶的轮廓变得更为清晰;对于针叶树种,可在树冠外围对树冠的整体进行照明,当然也可在临近树干的地方安装窄照型上射灯,增加艺术效果;对树冠开阔的树种,如柳树,可将灯具设置在挨着树干的地方,斜向上照亮树干及枝叶以突出其下垂的枝条。增强艺术效果。低矮且枝叶茂密的灌木,可采用正面外投光的方式,使其在暗背景下显示形貌。应注意的是,色彩的表现是灌木花境照明的一个重要因素。浅色的花,如粉红色、黄色、白色,在较弱的光照条件下就能看得非常清楚,如攀援在花架上的白色月季花,用少量上射光照明即可非常醒目。树木是园林中的元素之一,它姿态自然、充满生机,给园林环境带来了生命的活力。因此,树木照明是园林照明中重要的组成部分。树木的照明有各种各样的手法,其所获得的照明效果体现了不同的意境。植物的照明方式由其在景观中扮演的角色所决定。树可以是主要焦点、次要焦点、过度元素或者是背景元素。处于焦点位置的树来说,照明方式要由环绕式布置,创造出层次。小树的树冠在1.5~4.5m宽左右,最少需要有3支灯具。带有4.5~15m宽树冠的数目需要5~10支灯具或是更多,这些都需考虑到成熟时树冠的形状和尺寸。当一棵树是过度元素和背景元素时,灯具的数量要相对的布置的少一些,风格要是含蓄的。低矮浓密的灌木经常是作为次要焦点存在或是大型植物中的过度植物,在安装照明装置的时候要离开植物60-90cm,均匀柔和的光线适合。


在居住区的夜间景观中,植物扮演着很重要的角色。植物的美不是单一的一成不变,而是随着四季时间的变化表现出不不同的形态,传递和寄托着人类特殊的感情。所以在照明的设计上要充分的尊重植物本身的存在,传达共生和人文的关怀。


设计时要充分的研究种植平面上的所有植物。梳理出植物与照明设备之间的矛盾,充分的考虑到植物的生长空间,避免灯具和被照植物之间的植物因自然生长而遮挡住视线;理解植物与景观之间的关系,根据植物种植区域进行划分,白天重点的景观节点未必是夜景重要的表现区域,对于景观中的重要表现要重新经行规划,区分出那些植物是需要被照亮等。


照明方法的使用,要根据树种或树形状来确定。对阔叶型树木,可将灯具艺术化藏在树丛中,自下而上照明树叶,使树及树叶的轮廓变得更为清晰;对于针叶树种,可在树冠外围对树冠的整体进行照明,当然也可在临近树干的地方安装窄照型上射灯,增加艺术效果;对树冠开阔的树种,如柳树,可将灯具设置在挨着树干的地方,斜向上照亮树干及枝叶以突出其下垂的枝条。增强艺术效果。低矮且枝叶茂密的灌木,可采用正面外投光的方式,使其在暗背景下显示形貌。应注意的是,色彩的表现是灌木花境照明的一个重要因素。浅色的花,如粉红色、黄色、白色,在较弱的光照条件下就能看得非常清楚,如攀援在花架上的白色月季花,用少量上射光照明即可非常醒目。


Plant lighting system is decided by its role in landscape. A tree can be the main focus, the focus of secondary element, excessive or background elements. In the focus position of the tree, the lighting is surround type is decorated, create a hierarchy. Tree canopy at around 1.5 ~ 4.5 m wide, at least need 3 lamps and lanterns. With the number of 4.5 ~ 15 m wide canopy need 5 ~ 10 or more lamps and lanterns, these are all need to take into account the mature canopy shape and size. When a tree is excessive elements and background elements, the number of lamps and lanterns decorate of less than, if implicit style. Low dense bushes are often exist as a secondary focus or excessive in the large plant plant, at the time of installation of lighting to leave plant 60-90 cm, uniform downy light.

In the residential landscape of the night, plant plays a very important role. The beauty of plants is not a single static, but as the change of time of the four seasons showed a different form, transfer and special feeling with humans. So on the design of the lighting should fully respect the existence of the plant itself, symbiosis and the humanities concern.

When the design should fully study grow at all in the plane of the plants. Teasing out the contradiction between plants and lighting equipment, fully considering the plant's growth space, avoid the lamps and lanterns and according to plant by natural plants grow and blocking the line of sight; Understand the relationship between plants and landscape, according to plant planting area, focus on landscape nodes during the day is not necessarily a night view of important areas, to the line to the landscape of the important performance plan, distinguish between the plants need to be light and so on.

The use of lighting methods to determine according to the shape of tree or the tree. Type of broadleaf trees, artistic lamps and lanterns can be hidden in the bushes, lighting the leaves from bottom to top, has made it more clear for the tree and the outline of the leaves; In conifer, can in the canopy of canopy whole lighting, of course, it can be installed in place near the trunk narrow according to type on a shoot the light, add artistic effect; On open canopy tree species, such as willow, can set the lamps and lanterns in next to the place of the trunk, oblique upward illuminates the tree trunks and branches and leaves to highlight its drooping branches. Strengthen the artistic effect. Low and thicket of bushes, can use positive light way outside shots, according to morphology in the dark background. Is that should be paid attention to the performance of the color is shrubs flower border lighting is an important factor. Light color of flowers, such as pink, yellow, white, under the condition of weak light can see very clearly, such as climbing the flower on the white China roses, use a small shoot the light lighting can be very smart. Trees are one of the elements in the garden, it natural, full of vitality, to the botanical garden environment brings the vitality of life. Therefore, the trees lighting is an important part of the garden lighting. Trees of lighting in a variety of methods, acquired the lighting effect reflects the different artistic conception. Plant lighting system is decided by its role in landscape. A tree can be the main focus, the focus of secondary element, excessive or background elements. In the focus position of the tree, the lighting is surround type is decorated, create a hierarchy. Tree canopy at around 1.5 ~ 4.5 m wide, at least need 3 lamps and lanterns. With the number of 4.5 ~ 15 m wide canopy need 5 ~ 10 or more lamps and lanterns, these are all need to take into account the mature canopy shape and size. When a tree is excessive elements and background elements, the number of lamps and lanterns decorate of less than, if implicit style. Low dense bushes are often exist as a secondary focus or excessive in the large plant plant, at the time of installation of lighting to leave plant 60-90 cm, uniform downy light.

In the residential landscape of the night, plant plays a very important role. The beauty of plants is not a single static, but as the change of time of the four seasons showed a different form, transfer and special feeling with humans. So on the design of the lighting should fully respect the existence of the plant itself, symbiosis and the humanities concern.

When the design should fully study grow at all in the plane of the plants. Teasing out the contradiction between plants and lighting equipment, fully considering the plant's growth space, avoid the lamps and lanterns and according to plant by natural plants grow and blocking the line of sight; Understand the relationship between plants and landscape, according to plant planting area, focus on landscape nodes during the day is not necessarily a night view of important areas, to the line to the landscape of the important performance plan, distinguish between the plants need to be light and so on.

The use of lighting methods to determine according to the shape of tree or the tree. Type of broadleaf trees, artistic lamps and lanterns can be hidden in the bushes, lighting the leaves from bottom to top, has made it more clear for the tree and the outline of the leaves; In conifer, can in the canopy of canopy whole lighting, of course, it can be installed in place near the trunk narrow according to type on a shoot the light, add artistic effect; On open canopy tree species, such as willow, can set the lamps and lanterns in next to the place of the trunk, oblique upward illuminates the tree trunks and branches and leaves to highlight its drooping branches. Strengthen the artistic effect. Low and thicket of bushes, can use positive light way outside shots, according to morphology in the dark background. Is that should be paid attention to the performance of the color is shrubs flower border lighting is an important factor. Light color of flowers, such as pink, yellow, white, under the condition of weak light can see very clearly, such as climbing the flower on the white China roses, use a small shoot the light lighting can be very smart.


 
 
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